The legal framework for IAEA safeguards consists of a number of elements. These include the IAEA Statute; States’ obligations under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and treaties establishing nuclear-weapon-free zones; safeguards instruments such as safeguards agreements, protocols and subsidiary arrangements to those agreements; and the decisions of the IAEA Board of Governors. 

Find out more about the NPT and safeguards in the Dec 2021 edition of the IAEA Bulletin (Vol 62-4). 

NEW: SpringerLink has published an open access book on Nuclear Law by the IAEA. All chapters are free for download, some chapters are on Safeguards.

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